An overview of the 1920s in the united states of america

The stock market crash of October initiated a long economic decline that accelerated into a world catastrophe, the Depression of the s. Like the Internet boom of the late s, the electricity boom of the s fed a rapid expansion in the stock market. These changes were a response to growing competition from other financial intermediaries.

By more homes had radio sets than had telephones. Thus, increasing the price increases the revenues and the profits of the firms who are fixing prices.

By14 million Americans were unemployed, industrial production was down to one-third of its level, and national income had dropped by more than half. From through growth was much smoother.

This was entirely due to a fall in the male labor force participation rate from These two lost strikes and the depression took the impetus out of the union movement and led to severe membership losses that continued through the twenties.

In the presence of deep national despair, Democratic challenger Franklin D. The purpose was as much to stabilize and reduce production and raise prices as anything else, although generally such laws were passed under the guise of conservation.

Of the several thousand companies that had produced cars prior towere still doing so then, but Ford and General Motors were the clear leaders, together producing nearly 70 percent of the cars. Coolidge did not believe the president should take an activist role in government, and he was as opposed to the regulation of business as Harding had been.

By latefive million shares being traded in a day was a common occurrence. Harding was not directly involved with the corruption, and he died in office August 2, before the charges against his appointees became public.

Electricity brought about improved illumination, ventilation, and cleanliness in the plants, dramatically improving working conditions. The arts and ideas The roaring twenties ushered in a rich period of American writing, distinguished by the works of such authors as Sinclair LewisWilla CatherWilliam FaulknerF.

And inthe advent of Technicolor made movies more entertaining and memorable. Crazes included such dances as the Charleston, dance marathons, flagpole sitting and flying stunts.

The Mutual savings banks were concentrated in the northeastern United States. In the spectacular Scopes Trial in Dayton, Tenn. Real average weekly earnings for females rose on 1.

Although there were firms in5 firms dominated the industry—Goodyear, B. These replaced the roadside dump and wheelbarrow methods of spreading the cement. One common reason would have been the free entry of banks as long as they achieved the minimum requirements then in force.

Unskilled males received on average 35 percent more than females during the twenties. The growing demand for petroleum was driven by the growth in demand for gasoline as America became a motorized society.

The United States Turns Inward: the 1920s and 1930s

There were 5 times as many long distance telephone calls as telegraph messages handled inand 5. Supreme Court was ruling such agencies unconstitutional. Local stations initially created and broadcast the radio programs. Prior to the Second World War, a number of pesticides to control animal disease were developed, including cattle dips and disinfectants.

Annual earnings, especially in bituminous coal mining, also fell because of dwindling hourly earnings and, from on, a shrinking workweek. The Immigration Law of established a quota system that discriminated against all groups except northern and western Europeans.

Outline of United States history

He proved an inept president, and his administration was racked by scandals, including that of Teapot Dome. District Court decided that under the Radio Law of Herbert Hoover, the secretary of commerce, did not have this power. Though there were increasing calls for direct federal government intervention to limit production and raise farm prices, this was not used until Roosevelt took office.

Many in Congress believed that careful planning and consolidation could restore the railroads and make them more efficient. The result was that the prices of raw materials and manufactured inputs fell rapidly along with the prices of agricultural produce—the WPI dropped Because of these changes in the size and structure of the firm during the First World War, E.

French, and ; Nelson, ; Fricke, The steel industry was already highly concentrated by as U. The reduced power losses and greater distance over which electricity could be transmitted more than offset the necessity for transforming the current back to direct current for general use.

He declined to run for reelection in and left politics for good. Technological changes during this period can be documented for a number of individual industries. Davis and Progressive Robert M.An overview of the plans for and conduct of the decennial census and any issues that arose as a result of the enumeration.

Woodrow Wilson was President of the United States on Census Day, January 1, U.S. Census Bureau | Census History Staff | Last Revised: July 18, The United States of America is the third largest country in the world based on population and land area.

The United States also has the world's largest economy and is one of the most influential nations in the world. The original 13 colonies of the United States were formed in Each of these.

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the history of the United States By period. Prehistory of the United States (s–s) Lochner era (c.

–c. ) American Century (20th century) The History of the United States. The Roaring Twenties were a period of rapid economic growth and social change. Read about flappers, Prohibition, the Harlem Renaissance and more.

An Historic Overview of Latino Immigration and the Demographic Transformation of the United States David G. Gutiérrez Immigration from Latin America—and the attendant growth of the nation's Hispanic or Latino population—are two of the most important and controversial developments in the recent history of the United States.

Overview of the s The s was a decade of exciting social changes and profound cultural conflicts. For many Americans, the growth of cities, the rise of a consumer culture, the upsurge of mass entertainment, and the so-called "revolution in morals and manners" represented liberation from the restrictions of the country's Victorian past.

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An overview of the 1920s in the united states of america
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